South America - the only region in the western hemisphere consisting of developing countries. The economic map of the region is mosaic: rather intensively developed industrial regions are surrounded with the extensive a little urbanized spaces with poorly developed economy.
Branch, rather new to Mexico, - petrochemistry. Its main components are located in the centers of oil processing and near the capital where there is an extensive sales market of its production. Also production of fertilizers is developed.
The food and flavoring industry - the largest branch of the working industry of South America. In it two groups of the productions working for domestic market (flour-grinding, baking, oil milling, brewing, tobacco, etc.) and are allocated for export (sugar, meat, production of tinned fruit and juice, instant coffee, etc.).
However some branches of manufacturing industry of the different countries of Africa have world value. Such is, for example, chemical industry of Morocco recycling phosphorites which then arrive as semi-products on the European market of fertilizers. Great world value is had also group of copper-smelting plants in the African copper belt (Kato-Rhodesia), oil processing in Algeria, Libya and Egypt.
The long colonial period in the history of Oceania interfered with its economic development therefore manufacturing industry in the majority of its countries is developed poorly and does not even satisfy to requirements of domestic market. The considerable part of productions is occupied with processing of agricultural production, there are enterprises of light industry making clothes and footwear. Traditional crafts which products are intended for tourists and for export are developed.
On the island of Tasmania rich with minerals, the manufacturing industry focused on their processing is also developed. There are enterprises for processing of non-ferrous metals, chemical and pulp-and-paper. The largest of them are concentrated in the capital of the island.
Industrial kernels of Africa - the Republic of South Africa, northern areas of the continent and an industrial zone in the north of Egypt. The industry of the Republic of South Africa, one of the developed countries of Africa working for the market of the developed countries is also a little connected with the neighboring African countries. Egypt, the largest center of the textile industry has more close connections with economy of the neighbors.
The chemical and petrochemical industry is in all countries of the region. In structure of chemical industry the branches focused on internal consumption prevail, but there are also productions working and on a foreign market. Trinidad, for example, became the supplier, largest in the capitalist world, the world of ammonia for export.
Manufacturing industry became the most dynamic branch of economy of the South American countries. Along with plants on primary processing of raw materials there were modern enterprises of new branches here. It first of all is characteristic for Brazil and Argentina which became large producers of cars, vessels, products of light industry.
Cuba - only of the countries of South America having a planned economy, - endures deep decline in production practically in all branches of manufacturing industry except for production of nickel - one of the primary export branches of economy of the country.
Ferrous metallurgy of Mexico is focused on domestic market. Traditionally here nonferrous metallurgy is developed (a subsoil of the country is rich with ores of the color threw. It works generally for the market of the USA. The most important area of nonferrous metallurgy - the country North.
The basis of the woodworking industry of South America is represented by sawmilling (Brazil, Chile, Argentina, Colombia). Here the countries completely satisfy the needs for production of this branch, and some, mainly Brazil, export part of this production. Argentina - the traditional supplier to the world market tannic the substances received from wood (quebracho).